A team of researchers at Aarhus University in Denmark has found evidence that suggests feeling bored can be a factor in setting off sadistic behaviour, reports Medical Xpress. In their paper published in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: Interpersonal Relations and Group Processes, the group describes their review of nine unique studies they looked at that involved the study of sadistic behaviour by people in different settings and what they found by doing so. Prior research has shown that a large number of people engage in sadistic behaviour – from insulting others, to taunting, bullying or physical abuse – people have at their disposal a long list of ways to hurt other people. The researchers looked at nine unique studies that had been conducted to learn more about sadistic behaviour. The first involved researchers sending personality assessments to large numbers of people and included questions about boredom. A closer look showed that people admitted to intentionally harming others more often when bored. In a second study, the researchers looked at an effort that involved people in the military inflicting harm on their colleagues and once again found boredom appeared to play a role. The third study, looking at the trolling behaviour of people online, showed that people reported doing so more often when bored. In the fourth study, researchers looked at adults abusing children, either verbally or physically, and once again found boredom was a factor. Noting that the first four studies were all based on self-reporting scenarios, the researchers looked at other studies that involved conducting experiments and studying the results. In the first, volunteers were asked to watch videos – some of which were more boring than others. As they watched, the volunteers were allowed to push maggots through a coffee grinder as a way to alleviate their boredom, (the volunteers were deceived, no maggots were actually harmed). The researchers found that most of the maggot grinding was done by those watching the more boring videos. In two other experiments, online volunteers were allowed to decide whether to give more money to another participant or to deduct from their tally. In both studies, those feeling more bored were found more likely to deduct from others. The researchers also looked at a couple of studies that examined the reasons behind sadistic behaviour. Once again, they found that boredom seemed to play a role. The researchers conclude by suggesting that boredom appears to play a role in sadistic behaviour, and that it appears to be tied to attempts to mitigate negative feelings associated with being bored.