Canada has approved a US$12-billion offshore oil project proposed by Norway’s Equinor ASA, a big win for an industry that has grappled with slumping investment and tougher climate policy, reports Bloomberg News.
It’s a politically risky move for Prime Minister Justin Trudeau that complicates his efforts to hit aggressive emission targets for the oil and gas sector and could potentially alienate the pro-environment bloc within the governing Liberal Party. Yet Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has prompted policymakers to reconsider the importance of the nation’s vast oil reserves to Canada’s economic security.
In the case of Bay du Nord, the government is expected to argue that the project’s emissions are lower than other methods of oil production.
Domestic politics are also at play in the decision. While the Liberals do poorly in Canada’s western oil-producing regions, they place a high value on seats in the Atlantic provinces and several cabinet ministers are from the area.
The Bay du Nord project consists of multiple oil discoveries containing at least 300 million recoverable barrels, according to Equinor. Other estimates have put the recoverable oil two to three times higher. It is unlikely to start producing oil until the end of this decade.
Based on 300 million barrels, Equinor has said the project would produce $3.5 billion in government revenue and create thousands of jobs in Newfoundland.
The environmental assessment process for the project started in 2018. It will be Canada’s first deep-water drilling site and proposes to use a floating production, storage and offloading vessel. Cenovus Energy Inc. and BP Plc are partners with Equinor in the project.
The approval means Bay du Nord is poised to become the first major new Canadian oil production site since Suncor Energy Inc.’s Fort Hills oilsands mine began operation in 2018. The most recent new production platform off the Newfoundland coast was Exxon Mobil Corp.’s Hebron project, which started pumping oil in 2017.
Canada’s energy companies have mostly stopped proposing major new oil projects since prices collapsed in 2014. The industry has shifted from investing in multibillion-dollar oil-sands and offshore projects that last for decades in favour of drilling for shale oil.
Bay du Nord could produce as much as 200,000 barrels of oil a day when it goes into operation, according to the company. Equinor plans to drill two exploration wells this year.
The approval comes a little more than a week after Guilbeault released a plan for cutting Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions over the next eight years, including a 42% reduction in the oil and gas sector.
Government officials have said that technical improvements — such as installing carbon capture technology — can allow Canada to meet its emission reduction target while still allowing increased oil production.