Wednesday, May 29, 2024

Most protein biomarkers found to protect against disease development

Inflammatory processes are associated with a large range of human diseases, including rheumatic diseases and allergies. Protein biomarkers are measurable molecules that can have a prognostic value in patients, be used to diagnose disease, or indicate severity of disease. Today, a large number of plasma proteins have been identified as potential biomarkers for inflammatory diseases, where they are often highly expressed in patients. However, the causal relationship between a protein biomarker and inflammatory diseases is generally unknown. The protein could either be expressed in response to the disease, to protect from tissue damage, or the high expression of the protein could be the underlying factor behind the development of disease. In a new study, scientists used a method called Mendelian randomization to identify protein biomarkers that have a direct causal effect on protecting or promoting disease development. “In Mendelian randomization, we use genetic information to determine whether individuals born with high natural levels of a protein will have a higher or a lower risk of developing a disease,” says Torgny Karlsson, statistician at the Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University. “Mendelian randomization has often been called nature’s own clinical trial since individuals are randomized at birth to receive genetic variants that might increase the protein biomarker levels.” Almost 100 protein biomarkers previously associated with inflammatory disease were targeted in the study, which showed that IL-12B protects against psoriasis and psoriatic arthropathy, LAP-TGF-b-1 against osteoarthritis, TWEAK against asthma, VEGF-A against ulcerative colitis, and LT-a against both type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis. Only one biomarker was found to have a damaging effect, namely IL-18R1, which increased the risk of developing allergy, hay fever, and eczema. The protective effects identified are important, since they can shed light on the pathogenesis of inflammatory disease. However, many of these proteins may serve, or are already being investigated, as potential drug targets. “Since protein biomarkers are markers of disease, treatments that lower the levels of these proteins are a natural choice to treat symptoms of disease in patients. However, our results suggest that such treatments might have adverse effects in healthy tissues and possibly even increase the risk of a disease if used incorrectly,” says Åsa Johansson, group leader at the Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, SciLifeLab, Uppsala University, and the senior investigator behind the study. “In addition, the proteins identified represent potential novel intervention points for disease prevention.”

 

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-12-protein-biomarkers-disease.html

BIG Media
BIG Media
Our focus is on facts, accurate data, and logical interpretation. Our only agenda is the truth.
spot_img

BIG Wrap

U.S. Gaza pier knocked out of action by heavy seas

(BBC News) A temporary pier built by the US military to deliver aid to Gaza has been damaged by heavy seas and will take...

Civilian deaths in Rafah strike a tragic mishap, Netanyahu says

(BBC News) Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu says the strike that killed scores of displaced Palestinians in Rafah on Sunday was a "tragic mishap", amid...