Monday, May 20, 2024

FBI and MI5 heads warn of ‘immense’ threat from China

The heads of U.K. and U.S. security services have made an unprecedented joint appearance to warn of the threat from China.

FBI director Christopher Wray said China was the “biggest long-term threat to our economic and national security,” and had interfered in politics, including recent elections, the BBC reports.

MI5 head Ken McCallum said his service had more than doubled its work against Chinese activity in the last three years, and would be doubling it again.

MI5 is running seven times as many investigations related to activities of the Chinese Communist Party compared to 2018, he added.

Wray warned that if China was to forcibly take Taiwan, it would “represent one of the most horrific business disruptions the world has ever seen.”

The first joint public appearance by the two directors came at MI5 headquarters in Thames House, London.

McCallum said the challenge posed by the Chinese Communist Party was “game changing,” while Wray called it “immense” and “breathtaking.”

Wray warned the audience – which included chief executives of businesses and senior figures from universities – that the Chinese government was “set on stealing your technology,” using a range of tools.

He said it posed “an even more serious threat to western businesses than many sophisticated business people realized.” He cited cases in which people linked to Chinese companies out in rural U.S. had been digging up genetically modified seeds that would have cost them billions of dollars and nearly a decade to develop themselves.

He also said China deployed cyber espionage to “cheat and steal on a massive scale,” with a hacking program larger than that of all other major countries combined.

The MI5 head said intelligence about cyber threats had been shared with 37 countries and that in May a sophisticated threat against aerospace had been disrupted.

McCallum pointed to a series of examples linked to China. These included a British aviation expert who had received an approach online and had been offered an attractive employment opportunity. He travelled to China twice to be “wined and dined” before being asked for technical information on military aircraft by a company that was actually a front for Chinese intelligence officers.

“That’s where we stepped in,” said McCallum. He said an engineering firm had been approached by a Chinese company which led to its technology being taken before the deal was called off, forcing the company, Smith’s Harlow, to go into administration in 2020.

He pointed to the interference alert issued by Parliament in January about the activities of Christine Lee. He said these types of operations aimed to amplify pro-Chinese communist party voices and silence those that questioned its authority. “It needs to be challenged,” the MI5 head said.

In the U.S., the FBI director said the Chinese government had directly interfered in a congressional election in New York this spring because they did not want a candidate who was a critic and former protester at Tiananmen Square to be elected.

They had done so, he said, by hiring a private investigator to dig up derogatory information. When they could not find anything, he said there had been an effort to manufacture a controversy using a sex worker before even suggesting staging a car accident.

Wray said China was drawing “all sorts of lessons” from the conflict in Ukraine. This included trying to insulate themselves from any future sanctions of the type that have hit Russia. If China did invade Taiwan, the economic disruption would be much greater than that seen this year, he said, with western investments in China becoming “hostages” and supply chains disrupted.

“I don’t have any reason to think their interest in Taiwan has abated in any fashion,” the FBI director told journalists after the speech.

The MI5 head said new legislation would help to deal with the threat but the U.K. needed to become a “harder target” by ensuring that all parts of society were more aware of the risks. He said that reform of the visa system had seen over 50 students linked to the Chinese military leaving the U.K.

“China has for far too long counted on being everybody’s second-highest priority,” Wray said, adding: “They are not flying under the radar anymore.”

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